EXTSMAIL.EXTERNALS(5) File Formats Manual EXTSMAIL.EXTERNALS(5)

NAME

extsmail.externalsconfigure which external commands to robustly send e-mail via

DESCRIPTION

extsmail.externals is used to configure extsmaild(1). It consists of one or more group declarations. Each group consists of zero or more match / reject clauses followed by one or more external declarations. An external consists of one or more assignments of key = value pairs.
When sending messages extsmaild(1) first searches through the externals file, in order, for a group whose match / reject clauses match the message in question. If a group does not contain any such clauses it automatically matches all messages. Match / reject clauses currently match only against headers, and use standard POSiX extended regular expressions (see re_format(7) for more details). extsmaild(1) then tries each external in the group, in order, to send the message successfully.
The grammar for this file is as follows:
group    ::= { matches* external+ } 
 
matches  ::= match 
           | reject 
match    ::= MATCH HEADER string 
reject   ::= REJECT HEADER string 
 
external ::= EXTERNAL ID { defn+ } 
 
defn     ::= ID = STRING 
           | ID = TIME 
 
TIME     ::= [0-9]+[dhms]
Valid assignments within an external are:
sendmail
Defines the external shell command used to send e-mail.
timeout
If extsmaild(1) is executed in daemon mode, this value defines the length of time that extsmaild(1) will retry this external before giving up and trying the next external in the group. Times are specified as a number followed by d (days), h (hours), m (minutes), or s (seconds). If extsmaild(1) is executed in batch mode, the timeout value is ignored.

FILES

The extsmail configuration file is searched for, in order, in the following locations:
~/.extsmail/externals
Per-user configuration.
/etc/extsmail/externals
System-wide configuration.

EXAMPLES

The simplest externals file sending e-mail via ssh(1) looks as follows:
group { 
    external mymachine { 
        sendmail = "/usr/bin/ssh -q -C -l user mymachine.net /usr/sbin/sendmail" 
    } 
}
where mymachine is a human-friendly name given to an external (it does not effect processing), and user is the username on the remote machine mymachine.net.
A more complex example using multiple groups, message matching, and multiple external commands looks as follows:
group { 
    match header "^To:.*@foo.com" 
 
    external foo { 
        sendmail = "/usr/bin/ssh -q -C -l user shell.foo.com /usr/sbin/sendmail" 
    } 
} 
 
group { 
    external mymachine { 
        sendmail = "/usr/bin/ssh -q -C -l user mymachine.net /usr/sbin/sendmail" 
    } 
 
    external bk { 
        sendmail = "/usr/bin/ssh -q -C -l user bk.mymachine.net /usr/sbin/sendmail" 
    } 
}

SEE ALSO

extsmail(1), extsmail.conf(5), extsmaild(1)

AUTHORS

Laurence Tratt ⟨http://tratt.net/laurie/⟩
November 2, 2008 OpenBSD 6.2